Brazil is a Federative Republic with a multi-party political system. Brazil holds democratic elections for president, senators, representatives, state governors and legislators, mayors and municipal councils. Brazil is the world leader in electronic online voting (100 million voters).
- Name: Federative Republic of Brazil
- Capital: Brasília
- Official Language: Portuguese
- Area: 3,286,470 square miles
- Population: 198.7 million
Brazil is in east-central South America and occupies nearly 50% of the South American continent. Around 58% of Brazil is covered with forests, which include the largest rainforest in the world, located in the Amazon River basin. The country has eight river systems, which carry approximately 20% of the world’s fresh water.
Land Use: 58% forests, 22% pasture, 6% crops, 14% other use.
Biggest States: São Paulo (41 million), Minas Gerais (19.9 million), Rio de Janeiro (15.8 million),Bahia (14.3 million), Rio Grande do Sul (10.8 million), Parana (10/5 million), Pernambuco (8.4 million).
- Density: 52 persons per square mile
- Urban/Rural: 86% urban, 14% rural
- Sex Distribution: 49.9% male, 50.1% female
- Age Breakdown: 0-14 years (26.7%), 14-64 years (66.8%), 65 years and over (6.5%)
The official currency is the real, which is divided into 100 centavos.
Main Products: Aircraft, bauxite, beef, cellulose, cereals, coffee, cocoa, crude oil and petrochemicals, diamonds, furniture, gold, households appliances, hydroelectric power engines, iron ore, manganese, motor vehicles, nickel, orange juice, phosphates, platinum, poultry, processed food, quartz crystals, rubber, shoes, silver, soybeans, steel, sugar, textiles, timber, tin, titanium, uranium, and zinc.